In industrialized countries, more than 30% of women and about 10% of men consult for venous signs and symptoms of the legs. Important factors such as heredity, excess weight, some professions requiring prolonged periods of standing or sitting may increase the risk of developing a chronic venous disease of the leg. These conditions can evolve and produce complications such as skin pigmentation, chronic edema, dermatitis, eczema, phlebitis and ultimately leg ulcerations.
The most common symptoms are feelings of heaviness and tiredness in the legs, especially after long days of work and often associated with some leg swelling.
Varicose veins reflect more serious conditions of the disease. In general, the larger the varicose vein, the more serious the problem. Long existing varicose veins and thrombosis invariably lead to skin lesions, which, at the worst, will end up in an ulcer. Therefore, an early diagnosis is essential in order to prevent a bad outcome of venous disease.
Varicose veins are one of the most common condition of venous disease in the legs. According to the American Society for Vascular Surgery, as many as 40 million Americans have varicose veins. Statistics further show that 15% of men and 25% of women have varicose veins. In fact, more people lose work time from vein disorders than from arterial disease. (Vascular Disease Foundation Newsletter, Spring 2005).
The great saphenous vein (part of the superficial vein system) is most commonly affected and often the varicosity starts at the thigh and winds its way down the leg to the foot. The vein is swollen and twisted. The small anti-reflux valves are defective and the venous stasis creates a swelling of the skin.
When symptoms are present, the patient may experience ankle and leg swelling, heaviness or fullness, aching, restlessness, fatigue, pain, cramps and itching. Sometimes, varicose veins are painless.
There are two types of varicose vein classifications – primary and secondary. The risk of developing primary varicose veins is frequently associated with heredity, jobs involving prolonged standing or sitting, pregnancy, hormonal factors, obesity, increasing age, history of chronic venous insufficiency.
Secondary varicosities are a direct result of deep vein occlusions, such as a blood clot. This occlusion causes pressure and extension of the vein walls which then causes the venous valves not to close properly causing reverse flow. This reverse flow contributes to the bulging of the veins.
Varicose veins are a sign of an underlying venous insufficiency disorder. If not treated, varicose veins can lead to the aggravation of the disease. Wearing SIGVARIS compression socks or stockings is vital for the prevention and treatment of varicose veins and other venous disorders.
The needs of people with venous disorders are very different and their requirements change over time and with varying life styles or conditions. We have a range of medical compression therapy solutions in response to those different needs. Whether you are looking for a stylish sock for managing chronic venous insufficiency or are seeking an effective solution for preventing swelling due to Lymphedema, you can always rely on the promise of superior fit, excellent wearing comfort and proven efficacy.
Our compression therapy solutions are classified in different models: socks, stockings, pantyhose, (with closed or open toe), armsleeves, mitten; made of different textures: micro or natural fibers for best comfort, and available in different styles and colors to match your life style and fashion trends.
Benefits of Compression
The recommendations of the International Consensus Conference on compression therapy, published in 2004*, clearly defined the use of medical compression stockings. These recommendations review the literature on the subject and validate their efficiency for many indications: Chronic venous affections, varicose veins, edema, deep venous thrombosis, trophic troubles with venous ulcers are some of them.
They also describe in concrete terms the main physical, physiological and clinical effects of medical compression. Moreover, different international studies confirm the antalgic effect which is observed in the treatment of the early stage of the chronic venous diseases and confirm as well the benefits of medical compression in the deep venous thrombosis on lower limbs care.
Today, there is a paradox between the obvious benefits of medical compression, its long term efficiency and the skepticism of some patients. This treatment gives a quick relief. To be convinced, wear a pair of socks or stockings adapted to your morphology for a few minutes, you will feel the relief immediately!